CORRECTIONS RESEARCH PAPER AND EVALUATION 2 Corrections Research Paper and Evaluation When talking about Criminal Justice, most people do not realize that corrections falls under that same umbrella with law enforcement, courts, probation, and parole. Corrections is are designed to house people that are being punished for crimes that they have committed. This research paper is going to talk on corrections which is including jails, prisons, probation, and parole. The points in this paper that will be hit are trends of corrections, administration function, security, and treatment programs that help rehabilitate inmates so that they may be successful in not returning to the systems. Trends Many different trends have filtered through the justice system. In the corrections area of the justice system we see a trend of high recidivism rate amount people being released from jail and prisons. In the year 1994 a study done by the Bureau of Justice Statistics found that in inmates released we found that 67.5 percent were rearrested over the next three years (Bjs, 2005). We as a nation have a duty to try and reduce this rate, even if it is stopping the war on drugs, or reclassify marijuana from a schedule 1 narcotic which would help reduce the high population of low risk offenders who are spending time behind bars or even on community corrections like parole, or probation. With the growing number of inmates, we see a trend of people taking plea deals and end up out of jail or prison and instead find themselves on probation or parole. Correctional Organization Correctional organization is complex and the administration has a very difficult task. Administration officials are charged with staffing the jail, or prison. They ensure that all inmates are treated fairly and no laws are broke. Courts are where inmates are handed down their
Community corrections programs attempt to accomplish many goals. These goals include easing institutional crowding and cost; preventing future criminal behavior through surveillance, rehabilitation, and community reintegration; and addressing victims’ needs through restorative justice.
II. Goals of a Community Sentence
III. Community Corrections Programs Before Conviction
IV. Types of Community Corrections Programs at the Sentencing Decision
V. Types of Community Correction Programs at Reentry
VI. Advantages and Disadvantages of Community Corrections Programs
VII. Daily Cost of Community Corrections Programs
VIII. Do Community Corrections Programs Work?
IX. Conclusion and Bibliography
Out of the nearly 7 million people currently on correctional supervision in the United States, only 30% of them are incarcerated in jail or prison. The remaining 70% of persons who have had contact with the criminal justice system are supervised within the community (Alarid, Cromwell, & del Carmen, 2008). This research paper discusses community corrections, which is defined as a court-ordered sanction in which offenders serve at least some of their sentence in the community.
Three assumptions rest behind the idea of community corrections. First, most people who break the law are not dangerous or violent. The vast majority of offenders have violated a law that requires that they be held responsible through some sort of injunction or punishment, but most do not need to be locked away from the community. Keeping the offender in the community can be effective if the offender is able to maintain employment obligations and family relationships and to attempt to repair harm he or she caused the community or an identified victim—all of this at a reduced cost to taxpayers.
Second, a community sentence seeks to treat behaviors that are directly related to why the offender got into trouble in the first place, so that the risk of future reoffending is significantly reduced. The assumption here is that treatment programs are more numerous and accessible in the community than in jail and prison. This makes it easier for offenders to get the help they need while in the community and subsidize the cost with their own funds. A final assumption is that people who have been incarcerated in jail and prison transition better when they are released with some supervision than without any supervision (Petersilia, 2001).
Understanding the concept of community corrections will be accomplished through a discussion of five main areas:
- Goals of a community sentence
- Types of community corrections programs
- Advantages and disadvantages of community corrections programs
- Cost of community corrections programs
- Do community corrections programs work?
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