Essay on Republic Day (26 January) for students and teachers
January 23, 2018
“Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom”.
It is with these historic words that Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru welcomed the freedom that India and Indians had earned after decades of struggle and sacrifice. Despite gaining freedom India did not become the great democracy that it now is. It remained a constitutional monarchy with King George VI as its head of state. It is nearly two and a half years later, on 26 January, 1950, when the Constitution of India came into effect that India became the most populous democracy in the world; it is on this day that our nation became the Republic of India. It is this momentous occasion that we celebrate on 26 January each year – India’s Republic Day.
Why Do We Celebrate Republic Day?
It is on this day that the Constitution of India came into effect. The Constitution of India took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to get drafted. On 26 January, 1950, the adoption of the Constitution of India took place by the people. It is on this day, the country was transited as becoming an Independent republic.
The importance of the Republic Day of India goes well beyond the fact that it is one of the three national holidays of the country. It is the day which marks the adoption of the Constitution of India by the people. The pledge in the preamble to our constitution talks of India as a “sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic”. Each of these is an ideal that forms the foundation on which this nation is built. Republic Day reminds us of the elevated values enshrined in this sacred document that we call our Constitution.
The Republic Day is a day of national pride. The grand display of military pride serves as a reminder that the security of our territorial sovereignty comes at the cost of many sacrifices. The development that we achieve each year takes us further ahead on the path that our freedom fighters had dreamed of. It is a reminder that we may claim with dignity the Fundamental Rights that our Constitution guarantees but at the same time we are also bound to perform the Fundamental Duties that this very Constitution prescribes.
Republic Day Celebrations
Each year we look forward to our Republic Day with great excitement and enthusiasm. The arrival of the President, the unfurling of the flag, the 21 gun salute, the marching regiments, the state tableaus, the performances by school children – each of these is leaves us full of pride, each of these lend meaning to our Republic Day. There is, however, much more to the Republic Day celebrations. The President’s visit to the Amar Jawan Jyoti at the start of the day is a homage to all those who sacrifice their lives at the altar of patriotism. The gallantry awards awarded on this day are meant to teach us the value of courage and valour. The appearance of young children, recipients of the National Bravery Award, is meant to inspire us into selfless acts.
The Republic Day is also an exercise in direction setting for the country as a whole. We look forward to the Chief Guest – usually a dignitary, a head of state or government from a friendly country. This is of great significance. It tells us of the diplomatic, economic, and military relations between that country and our own. This year we are set to witness an unprecedented occurrence. The heads of 10 South East Asian countries – Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam – are set to attend the Republic day celebrations as Chief Guests. It speaks of the great importance that India places on building relationships with other countries in the continent.
When we are asked “What is Republic Day?” we can merely choose to refer to the parade and the fact that it is a national holiday. We can, on the other hand, choose to reflect on the deeper significance of the day, the various conventions that are followed, and the importance of the Constitution which is an all-encompassing document which embraces India’s diversity and upholds equality, justice, and liberty.
This year when we talk about our Republic Day let it be from a place of deep personal commitment to the national building process. Our nation may be vast but we are its building blocks and our Republic Day brings with it a reminder to strengthen ourselves and dedicate ourselves to bringing our country its due pride. Let this be our dream, our ambition, and our pledge on 26 January this year.
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Essay on Republic Day for students and teachers
India became the most populous democracy in the world; it is on this day that our nation became the Republic of India. It is this momentous occasion that we celebrate on 26 January each year – India’s Republic Day.
Introduction: Republic Day is an annual National festival in India. It is celebrated on 26th day of January every year.
Significance: This day is of utmost significance for all the citizens of India. About 30 months after attaining independence, India became a sovereign republican democratic country on January 26, 1950.
Connection with Independence Day: Independence Day and Republic Day are complementary to each other; the first provides the condition, the second leads to the fulfillment of the noble ideals of equality, justice and harmony among all communities which constitute the population of India.
Red-letter day: 26th of January has become a red-letter-day in the history of our nation. We we celebrate Republic day every year with due regard and enthusiasm. Indians, all around the world, celebrate this day with a sense of pride in their eyes. It is one of the National Holidays in India.
Also read: Short Speech on Republic Day (26 January)
Constitution came into force: Indian Constitution came into force on 26 January 1950. On the same day, it was announced that India is a sovereign, democratic and republic country.
Actually, the Constitution was passed on 26th November 1949 but due to some delay, it was adopted on 26th January 1950 as a democratic government system which shows the country’s freedom from ruled by the British to an independent republic.
Celebration: The greatest annual event of the country is the Republic Day Parade held all over India, and specially at New Delhi. The President of India takes the salute at the colorful and spectacular march-past. The distinguished soldiers of all the three wings (Army, Navy, and Air Force) of the armed forces take part in the parade. Parade displays various tanks, big guns and other heavy weapons of war. Police and the N.C.C cadets join the parade. The President of India takes the salute.
These celebrations display the nation’s military strength. The advances, sophisticated and powerful weapons of war in our possession are displayed with great enthusiasm. A top political leader from a foreign country is invited to be the chief guest on the occasion of Republic day. He shares the dais with the President and the Prime Minister.
The grand pageants also display India’s technological, scientific, agricultural, and cultural development. All the states take part in the function. School-children also take part in this parade.
On this day, boys and girls of schools and colleges march and sing our National Song, “Jana Gana Mana”. It is not the end, in the evening, the Raisina Hill, where the Rashtrapati Bhavan is situated, is illuminated which gathers crowd as a glittering sight.
Awards: It is on Republic Day that bravery awards for children are announced; and the proud winners are brought into the limelight during the parade. The Government also declares the ‘Padma’ awards to distinguished citizens and ‘Veer Chakra’ awards to valiant soldiers. The highest civilian award is ‘Bharat Ratna’, which is given for the most significant contribution to the nation. Sometimes no one is found to be great enough to claim this award.
Proud moments: Every Indian’s should proud that on the occasion of the 65th Republic Day of India, in 2014; for the first time, a parade alongside the entire Marine Drive in Mumbai was held by the Government of Maharashtra in the same way as parade done in Delhi.
US President Barack Obama attended the 2015 Republic Day Celebration as the Chief Guest.
Conclusion: Republic Day is the occasion for both solemn resolutions to preserve the sovereignty of the nation, and rejoicing at the free growth of diversified talents and fulfillment of the hopes and aspirations of the nation as a whole.
Category: Essays, Paragraphs and ArticlesTagged With: National Festivals, Republic Day (India)