Human Cloning Should Not Be Banned
Proposition: Human Cloning Should Not Be Banned.
The news of the successful cloning of an adult sheep, in which the sheeps DNA was inserted into an unfertilized sheep egg to produce a lamb with identical DNA, has generated an outpour of ethical concerns. These concerns are not about Dolly, the now famous sheep, nor even about the considerable impact cloning may have on the animal breeding industry, but rather about the possibility of cloning humans. For the most part, however, the ethical concerns being raised are exaggerated and misplaced, because they are based on erroneous views about what cloning is and what it can do for people today. The danger, therefore, lies not in the power of the technology, but in the misunderstanding of its significance in our world today. We, as a society that is always advancing, need to use cloning to advance our research in animal testing, infertility and the most important, disease research and possible cures.
As the status quo stands, cloning of humans has a ban. I am advocating a change. We need this change to be able to make new scientific breakthroughs in many health issues. Animal testing, infertility, and the cure of diseases are a problem that we battle everyday. These are the most talked about issues that scientists feel that they can change if given the opportunity to start the human cloning process. Even though cloning can bring so many scientific breakthroughs, people that are obviously not well informed, argue that cloning is wrong. If we look at the big picture, the pro?s of cloning out way the con?s dramatically. More knowledge equals a more understanding of cloning. To do this we must start with the basics.
What is cloning? How did it get started? Well, it is like this. A clone is a genetic copy or a replica of a living organism. In 1952 deoxyribonucleic acid was discovered, the spiral staircase molecule, DNA. DNA is the building block of life. This block holds the code for every aspect of any life on the planet Earth. DNA decides whether one life will be a plant or rhinoceros. DNA also carries the information that tells how smart, creative, bossy, shy, athletic, or any other description you can think of. It also carries all hereditary diseases such as cancer. The secret code of DNA would prove to be invaluable.
After Dr. Wilmut's work, the government has decided to step in and start to regulate genetic engineering. President Bill Clinton stopped any federal funded research that had to do with cloning of humans until more was known about this subject. Using a biblical voice he argued that he was trying to stop "people from playing God." He said, "There is much about cloning that we still do not know. This statement was made in 1994 when Dolly was created. It is now 2001 and we know much more about cloning. There is also a hole in Clinton?s logic to stop federal funding.
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Reasons to Ban Cloning
- Length: 591 words (1.7 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
Cloning is defined as the process of asexually producing a group of cells, all genetically identical, from a single ancestor (College Library, 2006).” Cloning should be banned all around the world for many reasons, including the risks to the thing that is being cloned, cloning reduces genetic differences and finally it is not ethical. Almost every clone has mysteriously died even before they are born.
First of all, “Australia’s first cloned sheep appeared to be healthy and energetic the day she died, during the autopsy they could not find the cause (Castro, 2005).” There are many risks to cloning and you are seldom able to identify the cause of their death. “More than 90% of cloning attempts fail (Human Genome Program, 2006).” Most cloned animals died mysteriously even before they were born or when they were very young, so there is hardly any information on how clones age. Clones may be born with a normal looking body but may have internal functioning problems. “Cloned animals tend to have more compromised immune function and higher rates of infection, tumor growth, and other disorders (Human Genome Program, 2006).” There are many risks of cloning and a major factor is genetic differences.
Secondly, “the most the human race has to loose by playing around with cloning is that the genetic diversity would be lost (Andrea Castro, 2005).” Reducing the genetic differences will produce clones that are grossly overlarge, many animals will be born with genetic mutations, and there will be a higher “risk of disease transfer (Saskaschools, 2003). “A review of all the world's cloned animals suggests that every one of them is genetically and physically defective (Leake, 2002).” Mutations will be passed on to the younger generation because if a cloned species has a mutation in their DNA this mutation will be passed on. Cloning has been linked with diseases of ageing, arthritis and, cancer.
Last of all, Cloning is not ethical, many religious groups look down upon cloning and think it’s not proper because they think it’s like playing God. Many scientists were mainly thinking about cloning animals and, most likely, humans in the future to harvest their organs and then kill them. “Who would actually like to be harvested and killed for their organs?” “Human cloning exploits human beings for our own self-gratification (Dodson, 2003).” A person paying enough money could get a corrupt scientist to clone anybody they wanted, like movie stars, music stars, athletes, etc (Andrea Castro 2005),” whether it be our desire for new medical treatments or our desire to have children on our own genetic terms (Dodson, 2003).
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Cloning Younger Generation Genetic Diversity Human Genome Cloning Should Human Race Mutations Tumor Ageing Castro
” Another big issue against cloning would be that the person being cloned would loose their individuality and would have to share it with a clone. If the world was made up of clones it would be a very plain and boring place because everyone would look identical, share all the same characteristics and will have the same personality.
There are many reasons for banning cloning. They should ban it all around the world before they get enough information to clone humans and the individuality of the human race will be lost. There are many down sides to cloning such as risks, reduces genetic differences, socially not accepted as well as it is very expensive. “Currently the president of the USA declared they are prohibiting federal funds on cloning research (Saskaschools, 2003).” I agree with the president on banning funds on research on cloning. For all of these reasons cloning should be banned all around the world.