The United Nations Office for REDD+ Coordination in Indonesia (UNORCID) has recently published a research study titled “The Funding Instrument for REDD+ in Indonesia (FREDDI): Making the Case for Financial Innovation”.
The estimated financial need for implementing REDD+ until 2020 is USD10 billion. Institutions and mechanisms to mobilize and manage REDD+ finance are a key priority of Indonesia’s REDD+ programme at this stage, and this study - undertaken by UNORCID with funding from the UN-REDD Programme- aims to support the process this process through analysis and recommendations.
The study reviews the early stages of the development of the Fund for REDD+ in Indonesia (FREDDI) and, to the extent to which FREDDI developed before the duties and functions of BP REDD+ were incorporated within the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, considers its ability to achieve its mandated objectives with regards to fund management and mobilization.
Specifically, the study reviews the early stages of the development of FREDDI which was housed with the National REDD+ Agency (BP REDD+), and - to the extent to which FREDDI developed before the duties and functions of BP REDD+ were incorporated within the Ministry of Environment and Forestry - considers its ability to achieve its mandated objectives with regards to fund management and mobilization. Further, the study provides an overview of the potential role of financial innovation – such as debt and market mechanisms – in enhancing the role that a Fund for REDD+ in Indonesia could play in the scope of Indonesia’s REDD+ programme. Ultimately, the report affirms the notion that such a Fund should evolve beyond a passive disbursement mechanism to mobilize further investment from both private and public sectors.
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Brave New World State Motto
- Length: 332 words (0.9 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
Brave New World State Motto
Community + Identity = Stability
In a world based on the motto “Community, identity, stability,” every aspect of society follows that phrase. In the Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, everyone belongs to everyone else. The people live in one community, follow their pre-destined identity and lead stable lives as a result.
The whole society in Brave New World is based on community. No one is ever alone. Solitude and loneliness are unheard of. Everything, as well as everyone, belongs to everyone else. There are constantly community gatherings, such as Orgy-Porgy and community-sings. Depending on what caste you are part of, Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta or Epsilon, you attend different events. Community is the basis of life in the civilized world.
Every citizen of the Brave New World has a pre-destined life already planned for him. From the moment a person is decanted, their caste, career, thoughts and fears are picked out for them. Infants are brainwashed into what they are destined to become. Basically, your identity is chosen for you and it is your job to fulfill it, which isn’t difficult because that’s all you know. A person is trained to love their lifestyle and their role in the world and to think they have it better than everyone else. Betas can’t imagine life as an Epsilon, while Epsilons would never dream of being Beta.
The result of a strong sense of community along with pre-destined lifestyles is stability, the third part of the Brave New World’s motto. No one has to think for himself or make choices on their own; the government does all that.
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World State Brave New World Strong Sense Beta Gamma Aldous Huxley Alpha Caste
And with no one to think against the grain or make a bad decision, nothing will go wrong. Therefore, life in civilization is never unstable.
The whole purpose of society in the After Ford days is to be faultlessly unwavering and, in Huxley’s words, civilized. This is achieved through community and pre-determined identity. Combined, this makes the World State’s motto, “community, identity, stability.”