Martin-Puplett Interferometer An Analysis Essay

Abstract

Frequency domain measurements with Martin-Puplett interferometer is one of a few techniques capable of bunch length measurements at the level of ~ 100 fs. As the bunch length becomes shorter, it is important to know and be able to measure the limitations of the instrument in terms of shortest measurable bunch length. In this paper we describe an experiment using a blackbody source with the modified Martin-Puplett interferometer that is routine- ly used for bunch length measurements at the JLab FEL, as a way to estimate the shortest, measurable bunch length. The limitation comes from high frequency cut-off of the wire-grid polarizer currently used and is estimated to be 50 fs RMS. The measurements are made with the same Golay cell detector that is used for beam measure- ments. We demonstrate that, even though the blackbody source is many orders of magnitude less bright than the coherent transition or synchrotron radiation, it can be used for the measurements and gives a very good signal to noise ratio in combination with lock-in detection. We also compare the measurements made in air and in vacuum to characterize the very strong effect of the atmospheric absorption.

Authors:
Evtushenko, Pavel E. [1]; Klopf, John M. [1]
  1. JLAB
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1089851
Report Number(s):
JLAB-FEL-12-1684; DOE/OR/23177-2512
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-06OR23177
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: IBIC2012, 1-4 Oct 2012, Tsukuba, Japan
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Abstract

A detailed analysis is presented of the Michelson polarizing interferometer suggested by Martin and Puplett. This instrument has many favorable properties for use as a far ir Fourier spectrometer. The effect of misalignments and imperfections of the optical components on the instrumental performance is calculated. Based on these results, we give a method of aligning the interferometer which optimizes its performance. In addition, this instrument may be used to measure the optical transfer function of a component in the output beam as a function of both spatial and optical frequency. A procedure is described by which this may be done.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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