Exhibition Catalogue Bibliography Apa

See the following for guidance: 

1. Turabian, Kate L.  A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th ed.  Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

See section 17.8.1 Visual Sources, pp. 200-201; and, 17.8.7 and 19.8.7. Texts in the Visual and Performing Arts: Art Exhibition Catalogs, p. 204; 269-70.

Copies available in the reserve reading room in Firestone, in General and Humanities Reference (Ready Reference) in Firestone, Marquand Reference and Mendel; a newer 2013 ed. is available as well, call number LB2369.T8 2013.

2.  Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. New York: Modern Language Association, 2003.

See section  5.8.6 A Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph, pp. 201-202.

Copies available in Architecture, Stokes, Firestone, General and Humanities Reference (Ready Reference) in Firestone, Lewis, and Marquand libraries: LB2369.G53 2003. (7th ed., pub. in 2009,, and 8th ed., pub. in 2016 are also now available).  Also, see Visual Art as Type of Source here.

3. The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2003.

See section 17.240 Exhibition Catalogs.

Multiple copies are available in campus libraries, and online (Princeton only: also includes 16th ed.).

4. For museum wall text accompanying a work(s) of art:

a. If the information on the museum label also appears on the museum's website or in a collection catalog (which it often does), those sources can be cited instead.  If not, include all information that may be important, such as:


23. Museum label for artist, Title of artwork, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 23 August 2004 [optional: name and date of exhibition, additional information of interest].


Metropolitan Museum of art. Museum label for artist, Title of artwork, New York, 23 August 2004.

-New School University, New York, New York

b.  To cite materials posted at a museum, use the following style:

Format of information (wall text, object label, brochure), Gallery Name, Number or Exhibition Title, Museum Name, City, State.

example:  Wall text, Playful Performers, National Museum of African Art, Washington, D.C.

-University of Maryland, http://www.arthistory-archaeology.umd.edu/ARTHwebsitedecommissionedNov32008/webresources/courses/ARTH275/SP05/guidelinesciting.htm

And, if for a temporary exhibition, include the date(s).

The APA Manual (6th ed.) does not give specific examples of artwork. This guide is based on section 7.10 which covers "nontext materials" and on examples for other types of sources.

Original Drawing / Painting / Sculpture / Photo / Etc.
If artist is unknown, begin with the title. If year is unknown, use (n.d.) for "no date."

Artist. (Year). Title [Description of material]. Institution, Museum, or Collection,
       City, abbreviated Province/State.

Pratt, C. (1965). Young girl with seashells [Oil on board]. Memorial University
       Art Gallery Permanent Collection, Corner Brook, NL.

Image in an Art Database (e.g. ARTstor)
As APA generally advises not to include direct URLs in Article Indexes and databases to avoid nonworking URLs, we recommend providing the name of the database, or the URL of the database's homepage.

Artist. (Year). Title [Description]. Institution, Museum, or Collection, Location.
       Available from Database Name OR Retrieved from URL

Landing of atlantic cable in Newfoundland, 1866 [Transparency, collodion on
       glass]. (1900). George Eastman House, Rochester, NY. ARTstor.

Reproduction in a Book

Artist. (Year of book's publication). Title of Artwork [Description]. Institution,
       Museum, or Collection, Location. In Author/Editor's name, Book Title
       (p. #). City, abbreviated Province/State of publication: Publisher.
       (Original work year).

Jacque, H. (2010). Labrador black duck [Clay tile]. Lawrence O'Brien
       Auditorium, Goose Bay, NL. In D. Brown, Uncommon clay: The
       labradoria mural (p. 18). St. John's, NL: Creative Publishing.
       (Original work 2009).

Reproduction in a Print Journal

Artist. (Year). Title [Description]. Institution, Museum, or Collection, Location.
       In Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume #(issue #), page

Carr, E. (1935). Scorned as timber, beloved of the sky [Oil on canvas].
       Vancouver Art Gallery, Emily Carr Trust, Vancouver, BC. In S. R. Udall.
       Georgia O'Keeffe and Emily Carr: Health, nature and the creative
       process. Women's Art Journal, 27(1), 23.

Reproduction in an Online Journal
Provide the doi number (Digital Object Identifier).Provide URL of journal's homepage only if doi is not available. Do not include Article Index information.

Artist. (Year). Title [Description]. Institution, Museum, or Collection, Location.
       In Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume #(issue #),
       page #. Retrieved from: journal homepage URL

Sherman, C. (1980, July/August). Untitled film still #56 [Photograph].
       Collection of M. Harron. In C. Townsend. Art as commodity as art.
       Art Monthly (368), 2. Retrieved from: http://www.artmonthly.co.uk

Reproduction on a Website
If no date is available for the website, use (n.d.) for "no date".If no author is available, just include the title followed by the date.

Artist. (Year). Title [Description]. Institution, Museum, or Collection, Location.
       Webpage/document Author. (Year, Month day). Title of web page/
       document. Retrieved from: http://URL

Shepherd, H. P. (1962). Sunday morning [Oil]. Collection of Memorial
       University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL. The rooms. (n.d.).
       Retrieved from: http://www.therooms.ca/artgallery/shepherds.asp


Producer, A. A. (Producer/s), & Director, B. B. (Director). (Year). Title of film 
       [DVD]. Country of origin: Studio.

Producer (Producer), & Director (Director). (Year). Title [Motion picture].
       Country of Origin: Studio.

Petras, A. (Producer) & Simms, J. (Director). (2008). Down to the dirt
       [Motion picture]. Canada: Mongrel Media.

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