780 Non Reference Comparison Essay

Posted on by Mall

New SAT results and concordances are in! But what do they mean? How have scores changed from the old SAT? And how can scores help students determine whether the SAT or ACT should be favored? 

Download a PDF of This Post

Compass has analyzed available research and concordances to create a comparison tool in both chart and table forms below (or access the PDF for easy distribution). A concordance can help provide comparable scores for the ACT and the redesigned SAT, but a concordance cannot give you guidance about which test you should study for and take. Although many students will find that their SAT and ACT scores intersect somewhere in the gray “Judgment Call” band, some may discover that one test is actually better suited to their skills.

The release of March SAT scores and the publication of New SAT concordance tables means that students are armed with more information about the respective merits of the SAT and ACT. Sometimes there are specific reasons why a student prefers one test over another: National Merit requirements, scheduling needs, or a strong negative reaction to a previous testing experience. For most students, however, the question comes down to “where is my time best spent?” Three common situations are:

  1. You took the old SAT in January 2016 or earlier and want to know if you are “done.” The concordance tables can help you see where your old SAT score stacks up in comparison to the new SAT and to the ACT. Since retaking an old SAT is not an option, you will need to decide on a path forward if you are not satisfied with your scores. The old SAT and redesigned SAT are completely different tests, so you should not favor the New SAT simply because of experience on the old exam. Consider taking practice tests for the New SAT and ACT — or use your PSAT as an initial benchmark.
  2. You took the New PSAT and have taken a practice or real ACT. You can use the tables provided on our PSAT post. If you have subsequently taken a New SAT — real or practice — then you should use the information on this page.
  3. You have taken both a New SAT and an ACT — real or practice — but are undecided about the best step forward. Use the chart above and tables below to inform your decision.

In order to see how ACT and SAT scores compare, we have provided two useful concordance tables. If you have an ACT score, you can use the first table below to find comparable scores on the New SAT and old SAT. If you have taken the New SAT, the second table gives you a score-by-score comparison with the old SAT and ACT. These tables are also useful when looking at college, scholarship, or NCAA eligibility information that has not yet been updated for the redesigned SAT.

Download a PDF of This Post

1. Larson C.L., Johansson G.K. Dietary intake and nutritional status of young vegans and omnivores in Sweden. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2002;76:100–106.[PubMed]

2. Craig W.J. Health effects of vegan diets. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2009;89:1627S–1633S. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.26736N.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

3. Rizzo N.S., Jaceldo-Siegl K., Sabate J., Fraser G.E. Nutrient profiles of vegetarian and nonvegetarian dietary patterns. J. Acad. Nutr. Diet. 2013;113:1610–1619. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.06.349.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

4. Appleby P., Roddam A., Allen N., Key T. Comparative fracture risk in vegetarians and nonvegetarains in EPIC-Oxford. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 2007;61:1400–1406. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602659.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

5. Deriemaeker P., Alewaeters K., Hebbelinck M., Lefevere J., Phillipaerts R., Clarys P. Nutritional status of Flemish Vegetarians: A matched samples study. Nutrients. 2010;7:770–780.[PMC free article][PubMed]

6. Gilsing A.M., Growe F.L., Lioyd-Wright Z., Sanders T.A., Appleby P.N., Allen N.E., Key T.J. Serum concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate in British male omnivores, vegetarians, and vegans: Results from a cross-sectional analysis of the EPIC-Oxford cohort study. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 2010;64:933–939. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2010.142.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

7. Farmer B., Larson B.T., Fulgoni V.L., III, Rainville A.J., Liepa G.U. A vegetarian dietary pattern as a nutrient-dense approach to weight management: An analysis of the national health and nutrition examination survey 1999–2004. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 2011;111:819–827. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2011.03.012.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

8. McEvoy C.T., Temple N., Woodside J.V. Vegetarian diets, low-meat diets and health: A review. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15:2287–2294. doi: 10.1017/S1368980012000936.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

9. Hu F.B. Dietary pattern analysis: A new direction in nutritional epidemiology. Curr. Opin. Lipidol. 2002;13:3–9. doi: 10.1097/00041433-200202000-00002.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

10. Kennedy E.T., Ohls J., Carlson S., Fleming K. The Healthy Eating Index: Design and applications. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1995;95:1103–1108. doi: 10.1016/S0002-8223(95)00300-2.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

11. Guenther P.M., Reedy J., Krebs-Smit S.M. Development of the Healthy Eating Index-2005. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 2008;108:1896–1901. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2008.08.016.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

12. Guenther P.M., Casavale K.O., Reedy J., Kirkpatrick S.I., Hiza H.A., Kczynski K.J., Kahle L.L., Krebs-Smith S.M. Update of the Healty Eating Index: HEI-2010. J. Acad. Nutr. Diet. 2013;113:569–580. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2012.12.016.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

13. Trichopoulou A., Costacou T., Bamia C., Trichopoulos D. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and survival in a Greek population. N. Engl. J. Med. 2003;348:2599–2608. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa025039.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

14. Clarys P., Deriemaeker P., Huybrechts I., Hebbelinck M., Mullie P. Dietary pattern analysis: A comparison between matched vegetarian and omnivorous subjects. Nutr. J. 2013;12:82. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-12-82.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

15. Turner-McGrievy G.M., Barnard N.D., Cohen J., Jenkins D.J., Gloede L., Green A.A. Changes in nutrient intake and dietary quality among participants with type 2 diabetes following a low-fat vegan diet or a conventional diabetes diet for 22 weeks. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 2008;108:1636–1645. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2008.07.015.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

16. De Keyzer W., Van Caneghem S., Heath A.L., Vanaelst B., Verschraegen M., de Henauw S., Huybrechts I. Nutritional quality and acceptability of a weekly vegetarian lunch in primary-school canteens in Ghent, Belgium: “Thursday Veggie Day” Public Health Nutr. 2012;15:2326–2330. doi: 10.1017/S1368980012000870.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

17. De Keyzer W., Dekkers A., Van Vlaslaer V., Ottevaere C., Van Oyen H., de Henauw S., Huybrechts I. Relative validity of a short qualitative food frequency questionnaire for use in food consumption surveys. Eur. J. Public Health. 2013;23:737–742. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cks096.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

18. Hoge Gezondheidsraad (Superior Health Council) Voedingsaanbevelingen voor België (Nutritional Recommendations for BELGIUM), 2009, nr. 8309. Hoge Gezondheidsraad; Brussels, Belgium: 2009.

19. NUBEL . Belgische Voedingsmiddelentabel (Belgian Food Composition Table) Nubel vzw; Brussels, Belgium: 2004.

20. World Health Organization (WHO) Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health; Proceedings of the Fiftyfifth World Health Assembly; Geneva, Switzerland. May 2002.

21. Devriese S., Huybrechts I., Moreau M., van Oyen H. The Belgian Food Consumption Survey 1-2004. Epidemiology Unit, Scientific Institute of Public Health; Brussels, Belgium: 2006.

22. Spencer E.A., Appleby P.N., Davey G.K., Key T.J. Diet and body mass index in 38,000 EPIC-Oxford meat-eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans. Int. J. Obes. 2003;27:728–734. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802300.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

23. Key T.J., Appleby P.N., Spencer E.A., Travis R.C., Roddam A.W., Allen N.E. Mortality in British vegetarians: Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford) Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2009;89:1613S–1619S. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.26736L.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

24. Fulgoni V.L., III, Keast D.R., Auestad N., Quann E.E. Nutrients from dairy foods are difficult to replace in diets of Americans: Food pattern modeling and an analyses of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003–2006. Nutr. Res. 2011;31:759–765. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2011.09.017.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

25. Ball M.J., Bartlett M.A. Dietary intake and iron status of Australian vegetarian women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1999;70:353–358.[PubMed]

26. Alewaeters K., Clarys P., Hebbelinck M., Deriemaeker P., Clarys J.P. Crossectional analysis of BMI and some lifestyle variables in Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians. Ergonomics. 2005;48:1433–1444. doi: 10.1080/00140130500101031.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

27. Gilsing A.M., Weijenberg M.P., Goldbohm R.A., Dagnelie P.C., van den Brandt P.A., Schouten L.J. The Netherlands Cohort Study—Meat Investigation Cohort; a population-based cohort over-represented with vegetarians, pescetarians and low meat consumers. Nutr. J. 2013;12 doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-12-156.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

28. Sofi F., Cesari F., Abbate R., Gensini G.F., Casini A. Adherence to Mediterranean diet and health status: Meta-analysis. BMJ. 2008;337:a1344. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a1344.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

29. Reedy J., Mitrou P.N., Krebs-Smith S.M., Wirfalt E., Flood A., Kipnis V., Leitzmann M., Mouw T., Hollenbeck A., Schatzkin A., et al. Index-based Dietary Patterns and Risk of Colorectal Cancer. The NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Am. J. Epidemiol. 2008;168:38–48. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwn097.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

30. McAdams M.A., van Dam R.M., Hu F.B. Comparison of self-reported and measured BMI as correlates of disease markers in US adults. Obesity. 2007;15:188–196. doi: 10.1038/oby.2007.504.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

31. Molag M.L., de Vries J.H.M., Ocké M.C., Dagnelie P.C., van den Brandt P.A., Jansen M.C.J.F., van Staveren W.A., van’t Veer P. Design Characteristics of Food Frequency Questionnaires in Relation to Their Validity. Am. J. Epidemiol. 2007;166:1468–1478. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwm236.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

Categories: 1

0 Replies to “780 Non Reference Comparison Essay”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *