Msgbox Title Example For Essay

The behavior of the Application Title and the MsgBox function in Microsoft Access

Provided by: FMS Development Team

The MsgBox function has an optional parameter, "Title", that allows you define the caption of the message box. However, if the Title is omitted, then Microsoft applies a default value.

Access Version VBA Displays Macro Displays
97, 2000, 2002Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Access
2003, 2007Microsoft Office AccessMicrosoft Office Access

In Access 97, if you specify an Application Title under the Tools->Startup menu, this value appears in the caption of the MsgBox function if there is no value specified for the "Title" parameter. This is a nice feature because it allows a centralized location to apply the title to all MsgBox functions throughout the application.

However, starting with Access 2000 and through Access 2007 (current version), this functionality changed. Even if you specify the Application Title, this is not displayed if the "Title" parameter is missing from the MsgBox function.

This is important to know if you are converting an Access 97 application to a newer version of Access. So, the question now is, where do we go from here?

  1. Continue to use the Application Title under the Tools-> Startup menu or Access Options in Access 2007

  2. Create a global function to retrieve the Application Title from the application.

  3. Create several customized, global MsgBox functions to be called in your application.

  4. Create a global constant to hold a default value for the Title parameter, in such an event that the Application Title was not specified (Its ok to be forgetful).

Here is a working example to illustrate the new concepts to apply.

Public Const gcstrAppTitle As String = "Attention" Public Function GetAppTitle() As String Dim strReturnValue As String On Error Resume Next ' If there is no value in the Application Title, Access will cause an error. ' Because there is a custom, default property in place, we can skip the error. strReturnValue = CurrentDb.Properties("AppTitle") If strReturnValue = "" Then strReturnValue = gcstrAppTitle End If GetAppTitle = strReturnValue End Function Public Sub MsgBoxInfo(ByVal strPrompt As String, Optional ByVal strTitle As String) If strTitle <> "" Then MsgBox Prompt:=strPrompt, Buttons:=vbInformation, Title:=strTitle Else MsgBox Prompt:=strPrompt, Buttons:=vbInformation, Title:=GetAppTitle() End If End Sub Public Sub Main() ' Run this to see the sample MsgBoxInfo "Hello World" MsgBoxInfo "Hello World", "My Title" End Sub

Best Excel VBA MsgBox Examples to display Message Box using VBA with Options and Types. Message Box (msgbox) VBA Macros explained with syntax. Use MsgBox in VBA to show vbYes, No and Cancel, vbexclamation, vbcritical, vbinformation message boxes and other advanced popup messages box models to display with icons and command buttons.

VBA MsgBox Function

VBA MsgBox is one of the most frequently used functions in VBA Application Development. We can use MsgBox Function in Microsoft Word, Excel, Access and PowerPoint VBA Programming. Excel VBA Message Box function displays a message, optional icon and selected set of command buttons in a dialog box. It waits for the user to click a button, and returns an Integer indicating the button which user clicked. Here is the syntax and different kinds of Message Boxes in VBA.

VBA MsgBox – Syntax:

Here is the syntax of VBA MsgBox Function. This is same in Excel, Word, Access, PowerPoint and VBScript.

MsgBox(prompt

[, buttons] [, title] [, helpfile, context])

Where

  1. Prompt: It Contains String expression displayed as the message in the dialog box. The Maximum length of Prompt is 1024 Characters. You can use carriage return Character,If prompt consists more than one line.
  2. buttons:It Contains Numeric value specifying the number and type of buttons to display.The default button value is 0.
  3. title:It Contains String expression displayed in the title bar of the dialog box.

Here is a short video to show you VBA Message Box with different types of options:

Here are the different types of Message Boxes available in Excel VBA. You can click on each link to see the respective examples, Screenshots of output and explanation.

VBA MsgBox arguments

VBA MsgBox will take the following parameters: These options will change the appearance of the Message Box. You can change the model of the Message Box by combining different option of MsgBox Function.

  • MsgBox Prompt: This is the message text which you want to show/prompt
  • MsgBox Buttons Style: This is the type of message box which you want to show, like Yes No buttons with Information Icon
  • MsgBox Title: This is the title of the message box window
  • MsgBox Help File, and Context: These are the other optional parameters which we use in very rare

Here is the Hello World MsgBox Function example with Parameters.

MsgBox “Hello World!”, vbYesNo + vbInformation, “VBA Hello World Message Box Example Title”

The above MsgBox will show you Yes No Type message box with information icon and title.

VBA MessageBox Options and Uses

Let us see the different options and usage of Message Box Function. We can create verity of Message Boxes in VBA to handle different scenarios.

VBA MsgBox Styles

In Most cases we use vbYesNo Message Box and get the result to a variable. Let us see vbYesNo Syntax, arguments, parameters, yes no default buttons, yes no prompt and yes no examples. yes no if syntax helps us to decide based on the user input. We can check If yes no return, yes no answer.

MsgBox “This is the example Yes No Syntax”, vbYesNo

We can also create MsgBox with Yes No and Cancel values, and get the user yes, no or cancel responses. Instead of adding the stings in MsgBox Parameters. We can create variable string and pass as a string. We can use the variable for MsgBox Prompt or Title. Combining Yes No Button Types with different option, we can display yes no critical, yes no warning, yes no exclamation, yes no question type Msg Box. below arr syntax to change button caption, button labels, button names.

Here is the Example with Yes, No, Cancel and Exclamation Icon.

MsgBox “This is the example Yes No Cancel Syntax”, vbYesNoCancel + vbExclamation

We can use Userforms to create customized Message Boxes: MsgBox Without OK button, without buttons, no buttons to show prompt. We can use command buttons, radio buttons in UserForm. We can fortmat the text, Font Size, Font Color and set Bold text in MsgBox.

We can pass variable value or variable text create a string and use as MsgBox variable input for Prompt and Titles. Different buttons and icons of MsgBox are created for different purposes.

We can have multiple lines, access custom buttons, access new line, access carriage return, variable type, variable, error handling, on error goto, error message dialog box, display array, two lines, access multiple lines.

Excel VBA MsgBox Yes No Syntax

The following is the simple Example on VBA MsgBox Yes No Prompt Type. We can use this to receive the acceptance of user to certain criteria. And decide the further process.
MsgBox “This is the example Yes No Syntax”, vbYesNo

Check the below example, it will check if user clicked on Yes or No button. We can also show the Help when user pressing F1 button or Help button.

If MsgBox("Do you want to see know the current Time", vbYesNo) = vbYes Then MsgBox Format(Now(), "HH:MM:SS AMPM"), vbInformation, "Current Time" End If

VBA MsgBox Yes No If

The following example on vba msgbox yes no if to show the different messages boxes based on the selected option. If then and exit sub syntax helps terminate the sub procedure based on the certain condition.

Sub sbKnowingUserInput() intUserOption = MsgBox("Press Yes or No Button", vbYesNo) If vbOption = 6 Then MsgBox "You Pressed YES Option" ElseIf vbOption = 7 Then MsgBox "You Pressed NO Option" Else MsgBox "Nothing!" End If End Sub

VBA Message Box New line,carriage return, two lines, multiple line

We can use vbCr to split the message box text into a new line and add carriage return to make into two lines. We can use & vbCr to split the message into multiple lines.
MsgBox “Hello, This is Line ONE” & vbCr & “This is Line TWO”

VBA MsgBox Yes No Cancel Return

The below example on vba msgbox yes no cancel return to access the response of MsgBox. This will help us to access,store and input the msgbox response or string in variable value. We can use this variable text in the further programming.

Dim msgValue msgValue = MsgBox("Hello, Are you a graduate? Choos:" _ & vbCr & "Yes: if you are a graduate" _ & vbCr & "Yes: if you are Not a graduate" _ & vbCr & "Yes: if you are Not Intrested" _ , vbYesNoCancel + vbQuestion) If msgValue = vbYes Then MsgBox "You are eligible for applying for this Job" ElseIf msgValue = vbNo Then MsgBox "You are NOT eligible for applying for this Job" ElseIf msgValue = vbCancel Then MsgBox "No Problems, We will find suitable job for you" End If

VBA If Then MsgBox and Exit Sub

Some times we may want to ask user to continue further, other wise skip the execution of next program. The below example on VBA if then msgbox and exit sub will help you to do this:

Sub sbPressYesToExitSub() If MsgBox("Would you like to continue...?", vbQuestion + vbYesNo) <> vbYes Then Exit Sub End If 'The below statements will not be executed when your press Yes button. 'You can write the next programming steps here... This will execute if user selects No in the above prompt. MsgBox "You have not pressed Yes button" End Sub

VBA On Error GoTo Message Box for Error Handling

MsgBox is also useful in error handling. We can tell VBA error message on error. Or we can go to a label and show message box with error number and description. The below code will execute the code and show the error number and description if there is any run-time error.

Sub sbShowing_Error_MessageBox() On Erro GoTo ErrorHanMsg1 'Your code goes here.... Exit Sub 'This comes before End Sub or End Function Statement ErrorHanMsg1: MsgBox Err.Number & vbCr & Err.Description End Sub

VBA MsgBox Styles

Here are the list of styles and models of Message Box Function in VBA. We combine different options to display a message box with desired options.

Please find the following code and output. It will Display OK button only. When we click OK button, It will return value 1 as a output.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbOKOnly() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbOKOnly OutPut = MsgBox("Thanks for visiting Analysistabs!", vbOKOnly, "Example of vbOKOnly") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output. It will Display OK and Cancel buttons. When we click OK button, It will return value 1 as a output.And When we click Cancel button, It will return value 2 as a output.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbOKCancel() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbOKCancel OutPut = MsgBox("You are VBA Expert, is it True?", vbOKCancel, "Example of vbOKCancel") If OutPut = 1 Then 'Output = 1(Ok) MsgBox "Grate! You are VBA Expert, You can learn Advanced Our VBA!", , "Ok - 1" Else 'Output = 2(Cancel) MsgBox "You can Star Learning from Basics!", , "Cancel - 2" End If End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output. It will Display Abort, Retry, and Ignore buttons. When we click Abort button, It will return value 3 as a output. When we click Retry button, It will return value 4 as a output.And When we click Ignore button, It will return value 5 as a output.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbAbortRetryIgnore() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbAbortRetryIgnore OutPut = MsgBox("The Connection has failed. Do you want to Continue?", vbAbortRetryIgnore, "Example of vbAbortRetryIgnore") If OutPut = 3 Then 'Output = 1(Abort) MsgBox "Abort!", , "Abort - 3" ElseIf OutPut = 4 Then 'Output = 4(Retry) MsgBox "Retry!", , "Retry - 4" Else 'Output = 5(Ignore) MsgBox "Ignore!", , "Ignore - 5" End If End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output. It will Display Yes, No, and Cancel buttons. When we click Yes button, It will return value 6 as a output. When we click No button, It will return value 7 as a output.And When we click Cancel button, It will return value 2 as a output.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbYesNoCancel() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbYesNoCancel OutPut = MsgBox("File already exists. Do you want to replace?", vbYesNoCancel, "Example of vbYesNoCancel") If OutPut = 6 Then 'Output = 6(Yes) MsgBox "Yes!", vbInformation, "Yes - 6" ElseIf OutPut = 7 Then 'Output = 7(No) MsgBox "No!", vbInformation, "No - 7" Else 'Output = 2(Cancel) MsgBox "Cancel!", vbInformation, "Cancel - 2" End If End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.It will display Display Yes and No buttons. When we click Yes button, It will return value 6 as a output.And, When we click No button, It will return value 7 as a output.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbYesNo() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbYesNo OutPut = MsgBox("Do you want to replace the existing file?", vbYesNo, "Example of vbYesNo") If OutPut = 6 Then 'Output = 6(Yes) MsgBox "Yes! Replace the file", vbInformation, "Yes - 6" Else 'Output = 7(No) MsgBox "No! Don't replace the file", , "No - 7" End If End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output. It will Display Retry and Cancel buttons.When we click Retry button, It will return value 4 as a output.And, When we click Cancel button, It will return value 2 as a output.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbRetryCancel() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'MsgBox VBA Example of vbRetryCancel OutPut = MsgBox("Close the File.Try Again?", vbRetryCancel + vbDefaultButton2, "Example of vbRetryCancel") If OutPut = 4 Then 'Output = 4(Retry) MsgBox "Retry!", , "Retry - 4" Else 'Output = 2(Cancel) MsgBox "Cancel It!", , "Cancel - 2" End If End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output. When we click Ok button, It will return value 1 as a output. And, It will display critical Message Icon.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbCritical() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbCritical OutPut = MsgBox("Please enter valid Number!", vbCritical, "Example of vbCritical") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.When we click Ok button, It will return value 1 as a output. And, It will display Warning Query icon.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbQuestion() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbQuestion OutPut = MsgBox("Are you fresher?", vbQuestion, "Example of vbQuestion") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.When we click Ok button, It will return value 1 as a output. And, It will display Warning Message icon.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbExclamation() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbExclamation OutPut = MsgBox("Input Data is not valid!", vbExclamation, "Example of vbExclamation") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.When we click Ok button, It will return value 1 as a output. And, It will display Information Message icon.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbInformation() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbInformation OutPut = MsgBox("Succesessfully Completed the Task.", vbInformation, "Example of vbInformation") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output. By Default it will focus on first (Retry) Button. When we press enter it will result the value of Retry button as 4.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbDefaultButton1() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbDefaultButton1 OutPut = MsgBox("Close the File.Try Again?", vbRetryCancel + vbDefaultButton1, "Example of vbDefaultButton1") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.By Default it will focus on Second(Cancel) Button. When we press enter it will result the value of Retry button as 2.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbDefaultButton2() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbDefaultButton2 OutPut = MsgBox("Close the File.Try Again?", vbRetryCancel + vbDefaultButton2, "Example of vbDefaultButton2") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.By Default it will focus on Third(Cancel) Button. When we press enter it will result the value of Retry button as 2.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbDefaultButton3() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbDefaultButton2 OutPut = MsgBox("Close the File.Try Again?", vbYesNoCancel + vbDefaultButton3, "Example of vbDefaultButton3") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.The user must respond to the message box before continuing work in the current application.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbApplicationModal() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbApplicationModal OutPut = MsgBox("Thanks for visiting Analysistabs!", vbApplicationModal, "Example of vbApplicationModal") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.All applications are suspended until the user responds to the message box.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbSystemModal() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbSystemModal OutPut = MsgBox("Thanks for visiting Analysistabs!", vbSystemModal, "Example of vbSystemModal") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.Adds Help button to the message box.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbMsgBoxHelpButton() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbMsgBoxHelpButton OutPut = MsgBox("Thanks for visiting Analysistabs!", vbMsgBoxHelpButton, "Example of vbMsgBoxHelpButton") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.Specifies the message box window as the foreground window.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_VbMsgBoxSetForeground() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of VbMsgBoxSetForeground OutPut = MsgBox("Thanks for visiting Analysistabs!", vbMsgBoxSetForeground, "Example of VbMsgBoxSetForeground") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.Here text is right aligned.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbMsgBoxRight() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbMsgBoxRight OutPut = MsgBox("Input Data is not valid!", vbMsgBoxRight, "Example of vbMsgBoxRight") End Sub
Output:

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Please find the following code and output.It Specifies text should appear as right-to-left reading on Hebrew and Arabic systems.

Code:
Sub MessageBox_vbMsgBoxRtlReading() 'Variable Declaration Dim OutPut As Integer 'Example of vbMsgBoxRtlReading OutPut = MsgBox("Thanks for visiting Analysistabs!", vbMsgBoxRtlReading, "Example of vbMsgBoxRtlReading") End Sub
Output:

Instructions:
  1. Open an excel workbook
  2. Press Alt+F11 to open VBA Editor
  3. Double click on ThisWorkbook from Project Explorer
  4. Copy the above code and Paste in the code window
  5. Press F5
  6. You should see the above output

Custom Message Box in Excel VBA:

What if your requirement is not achievable with the available types of MessageBox. You Can create your own MessageBox using Forms in Excel VBA. You can design your own custom MessageBox using Form Controls.
Here is the example Custom MessageBox.

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MessageBox Constants in Excel VBA:

Please find the following table for button argument values:

Constant ValueDescription
vbOKOnly0It Display’s OK button only.
vbOKCancel1It Display’s OK and Cancel buttons.
vbAbortRetryIgnore2It Display’s Abort, Retry, and Ignore buttons.
vbYesNoCancel3It Display’s Yes, No, and Cancel buttons.
vbYesNo4It Display’s Yes and No buttons.
vbRetryCancel5It Display’s Retry and Cancel buttons.
vbCritical16It Display’s Critical Message icon.
vbQuestion32It Display’s Warning Query icon.
vbExclamation48It Display’s Warning Message icon.
vbInformation64It Display’s Information Message icon.
vbDefaultButton10Here first button is default.
vbDefaultButton2256Here second button is default.
vbDefaultButton3512Here third button is default.
vbDefaultButton4768Here fourth button is default.
vbApplicationModal0Application modal. The user must respond to the message box before continuing work in the current application.
vbSystemModal4096System modal. In this case all applications are suspended until the user responds to the message box.
vbMsgBoxHelpButton16384Adds Help button to the message box.
VbMsgBoxSetForeground65536Specifies the message box window as the foreground window.
vbMsgBoxRight524288Text is right aligned.
vbMsgBoxRtlReading1048576Specifies text should appear as right-to-left reading on Hebrew and Arabic systems.

 

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MessageBox Return Constants and Enumerations in Excel VBA:

ConstantValueDescription
vbOK1OK
vbCancel2Cancel
vbAbort3Abort
vbRetry4Retry
vbIgnore5Ignore
vbYes6Yes
vbNo7No

 

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