Weapons Training Essay Language Techniques Used In Writing



Timeline of Life

Born in Victoria in 1930, now lives in Toowoomba, Queensland.

He is a contemporary Australian poet. His poems are written in the context of post-war Australia.

His poetry comments on Australian society and forces reader to question their place in Australian society.

Dawe’s poetry is accessible to a wide audience and often represents the experience of the ‘average’ Australian.

1929- 1932


 The Great Depression 1930- Bruce Dawe born in Geelong, Victoria, Australia 1939- World War II begins 1944- Dawe transfers to Northcote District High School and completed the Intermediate certificate 1954-1978


 his poems

collected in the compilation “Sometimes Gladness”

1956- Left school to become a legal clerk. Returned to Melbourne, working as a postman, Hungarian revolution begins. Olympic G

ames held in Melbourne. “Burial Ceremony” relies

on both of these 1958- He was unemployed and almost destitute 1959- He joined the airforce and remained there for nine years in the education section --

“Enter Without So Much as Knocking” published


reflecting the values of the 1950’s whilst remaining true to the materialism of today’s

Australia 1962- Offered a contract by the publisher F.W. Cheshire. Stimulated further writing for a

collection entitled “No fixed Address”.


Married his wife, Gloria. Also dedicated his second volume of poetry “A Need of Similar Name”


—“Breakthrough” published

1966- He was posted to Butterworth in Malaysia. Second poetry volume wins the Ampol Arts Award for creative literature --

“The Not So Good Earth” is published

For the concepts of the same name, see weapons training (disambiguation).

"Weapons Training" is a piece of war poetry written by Bruce Dawe in 1970. A dramatic monologue spoken by a battle-hardened drill sergeant training recruits about to be sent off to the Vietnam War, its anti-war sentiment is evident but more oblique than in Dawe's other well-known war poem, "Homecoming", written two years earlier.[1]

Dawe had direct experience with military life, having served in the Royal Australian Airforce from 1959 to 1968. Dennis Haskell, Winthrop Professor of English and Cultural Studies at University of Western Australia,[2] has pointed that the drill sergeant's harsh tirade to the recruits with insults both sexual (e.g. "why are you looking at me are you a queer?") and racist (e.g. "a brand-new pack of Charlies are coming at you, you can smell their rotten fish-sauce breath") [3] makes him seem like an exaggerated cartoon-like figure. However, he goes on to say that Dawe maintained he had not completely invented them: "Many [of them] were addressed to me or other members of the squad of RAAF recruits I was part of in 1959."[4]

Haskell notes that "Weapons Training" had not started out as solely a dramatic monologue, and its original title was "Portrait of a Drill Instructor". The early version contained an introductory verse with a soldier's memory of him which specifically identified the instructor as British:

I can still see his face

thrust forward out of love
for the little sunburned rookies
hunched in their chairs
or sweating at attention
see, too,

his true-blue British eyes [...] [5]

The introductory verse was omitted from the final version making the poem less of a personal portrait and more of a general depiction of the military culture which the sergeant personified with his macho dehumanising language.[6] In their 2009 analysis of the poem from the perspective of systemic functional linguistics, David Butt and Annabelle Lukin have proposed that while the drill instructor is ostensibly teaching physical skills to the recruits, the structure of his language "foregrounds the regulation of mental experience as central to the training",[7] training that fosters the unquestioning obedience to authority that may be crucial to their survival in combat. The poem ends with the instructor's warning to the recruits who do not follow his advice:

and you know what you are? You're dead, dead, dead [8]

"Weapons Training" is included in the 1971 collection of Dawe's poetry Condolences of the Season and in his Sometimes Gladness: Collected Poems, 1954–1992. It is also published in several anthologies of Australian literature, including Two Centuries of Australian Poetry (Oxford University Press, 1988) and Clubbing of the Gunfire: 101 Australian War Poems (Melbourne University Press, 1984), and frequently appears on the English syllabus of Australian schools.[9]

Notes and references[edit]


  • Butt, David G. and Lukin, Annabelle (2009). "Stylistic analysis: construing aesthetic organisation" in Michael Halliday and Jonathan Webster (eds.) Continuum Companion to Systemic Functional Linguistics, pp. 190-215. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0826494471
  • Dawe, Bruce (1993). Sometimes Gladness: Collected poems, 1954-1992, 4th edition. Longman Cheshire. ISBN 0582908795
  • Haskell, Dennis (2002). Attuned to Alien Moonlight: The Poetry of Bruce Dawe, Univ. of Queensland Press. ISBN 0702232386
  • Mahoney, Blair (2009). Poetry Reloaded. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521746612
  • Spurr, Barry (2004). Bruce Dawe, Excel HSC English Study Guide Series. Pascal Press. ISBN 1741250331
  1. ^Spur (2004) p. 133
  2. ^University of Western Australia. Winthrop Professor Dennis Haskell
  3. ^"Charlie" was military slang for a Viet Cong soldier. The quoted lines from "Weapons Training" are from Dawe (1993) p. 137
  4. ^Bruce Dawe quoted in Haskell (2002) p. 178
  5. ^Bruce Dawe, "Portrait of a Drill Instructor" (early version of "Weapons Training"), quoted in Haskell (2002) p. 178
  6. ^Haskell (2002) p. 179; Spur (2004) p. 133
  7. ^Butt and Lukin (2009) p. 211
  8. ^Dawe (1993) p. 137
  9. ^Mahoney (2009) p. 87
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